This book is a major contribution to the study of the philosophy of action, moral philosophy, and political philosophy. Its central idea is a radically unorthodox theory of rational action. Most contemporary Anglo-American philosophers believe that action is motivated by desire. Professor Benn rejects the doctrine and replaces it with a reformulation of Kant's ethical and political theory, in which rational action can be determined simply by principles, regardless of consequences. The book analyzes the way in which value conflicts can be rationally resolved, the objectivity of value, the concept of moral personality, the principles of non-interference and respect of persons, the ideals of autonomy and community and various aspects of individual rights--focusing on the rights to freedom, welfare, and privacy.
The powerful political call for 'open access' to information has become a formative aspect of our societies and culture. As an expression of cultural freedom, digital technology creates a tension between access to information on the one hand and control and power strategies that seek to restrict access and centralize datasets on the other. This book considers the evolution of information systems as centering upon control, open access, and knowledge, tracing the development of these notions from the Nineteenth Century.
Author Sara de Freitas provides a kind of cultural history that reworks not only how we think about information per se but also how we reconsider the human in relation to it - demonstrating the ways in which information and its pervasive influence upon cultural forms is writ large upon our social and physical spaces, our human processing, our data systems, and our everyday life. The cross-disciplinary approach used in this book will appeal to researchers and PhD students in a wide variety of disciplines, interested in information as a guiding force in the changes in our spaces, both digital and cultural.
This is an account of the development of European labour and social security law as it interrelates with the evolution of market integration in the European Union. Giubboni presents, from a labour law perspective, a case study of the changes the European Community/European Union has undergone from its origins to the present day and of the ways these changes have affected the regulation of European Welfare States at national level. Drawing on the idea of 'embedded liberalism', Giubboni analyses the infiltration of EC competition and market law into national systems of labour and social security law and provides a normative framework for conceptualising the transformation of regulatory techniques implemented at the EU level. This important, interdisciplinary contribution to research in EU social law illustrates how the vision of social protection and solidarity is changing.