This book discusses the role played by the exchange rate in the economy and the pros and cons of fixed and flexible rates are discussed. The classification of exchange rate regimes is examined from theoretical, practical and historical perspectives. Macroeconomic performance under various exchange rate regimes is assessed, followed by a survey of models of exchange rate regime choice. Some factual case studies are presented and related to the theoretical foundations, including the choice of exchange rate regime in the post-conflict case of Iraq.
The contributions are concerned with the theoretical and empirical analyses of fixed and flexible exchange rate systems, the role of central bank and other government policies in such systems, the prospects, workings and effects of a European Monetary System, and capital mobility and economic integration.
Fixed Point Theory is an attractive and interesting subject with a large number of applications in various fields of mathematics and other branches of science. This book offers encouragement and empowers readers to embrace the basic history, the basic types of fixed point theories, important theorems and some common selected applications of fixed point theory. Above all, only lucid language is used so that this book will also be beginners friendly. A brief description of the contents is given below: Chapter 1: Introduction: 2 pages Concept of fixed point, a brief history, basic types of the theory. Chapter 2: Topological Fixed Point Theory: 68 pages Introduction and Background: Topological Fixed Point Property, Background on Simplexes and Triangulations, Background in Analysis And Topology, Upper Semi-continuous Multifunctions. The Brower's Fixed point Theorem: Proof by Non Analytic Methods, Proof by Analytic Methods. Sperner's Lemma and Brower's Fixed Point Theorem, Barycentric Coordinates. Generalization: Extension in Infinite Dimensions, Fixed Point Properties for Closed Boundary Convex Sets, Theorems with boundary Conditions Condition on Compactness. Multifunctions and Kakutani's Theorem, Theory with Boundary Conditions. Applications. Chapter 3: Metric Fixed Point Theory: 45 pages Introduction: Banach's Contraction Principle, Extensions of the Contraction Principle, Generalization. Converse of Banach's Contraction Principle. Metric Fixed Point Theory in Banach Spaces. Metric Fixed Point Theory in Metric Spaces. Applications. Chapter 4: Order-Theoretic Fixed Point Theory: 17 pages Introduction, Completeness Condition for Posets, Conditionally Complete Posets, Countably Chain-Complete Posets, Chain-Complete Posets. Iterative Fixed Point Theorems, The Tarski-Kantorovitch Fixed Point Theorem, Applications to Functional Equations, The Contraction Mapping Theorem. The Tarski's Fixed Point Theorems, The Knaster-Tarski's Theorem, Application. The Abian-Brown Theorem, Application. An extensive bibliography.
Nonprofit organizations are complex and distinctive organizational entities. The literature of strategic management poses some interesting challenges and is only partially developed to inform decision making for nonprofit managers. Strategic Management in Nonprofit Organizations uses a strategic management framework to consider key decisions that nonprofit managers and volunteer leaders confront as they plan and work to position their organizations for optimal success. Key Features - Fills a gap in the current literature by providing a thorough examination of management and planning issues experienced by nonprofit managers,including challenges such as muted markets and specific performance expectations. - Blends together theoretical, empirical, and normative literature with descriptive stories of managing in the sector. - Suggests some optimal practices for managers who want to strengthen their organizations. - Perfect for graduate students in nonprofit management programs. - Supported by a complete package of instructor ancillary materials including an Instructor's Manual, PowerPoints, and Test Bank Contents: Chapter 1 Nature of Nonprofit Organizations Chapter 2 Framing Strategic Choices Chapter 3 External Environment Chapter 4 Internal Capabilities Chapter 5 Public Benefit Strategies Chapter 6 Analysis of the Task Environment Chapter 7 Corporate Strategy, Structures, and Planning Chapter 8 Service Strategies Chapter 9 Social and Political Strategies Chapter 10 Financial Resource Strategies Chapter 11 Inter-Organizational Relationships Chapter 12 Strategic Leadership